Service by

Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope

ScopeMed.org - Online Journal Management System

Open Access

Original Research



Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt

Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Karima Badawy, Bernadette Sarraf.

Abstract
Abstract
Aim: to assess knowledge of Standard Precautions and infection control by health care providers (HCPs) at the Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt.
Methods: All HCPs were targeted for a cross-sectional study. A previously validated self-administered questionnaire was used to gather information regarding basic characteristics and the following knowledge domains; the general concept of standard precautions, hand hygiene, personal protective equipments, sharp disposal, environmental sanitation and care of health workers. Scoring system was assigned for different responses, with a total score of 50.
Results: The mean (minimum, maximum) knowledge scores are: 28.5 (13,44) for the total score, 3.6 (0,5) for general concepts, 5.0 (0,9) for hand hygiene, 6.9 (1,10) for personal protective equipment, 2.1 (0,5) for sharp injuries and occupational infection, 5.0 (0,10) for sharp disposal and environmental sanitation, and 6.0 (1,10) for care of health care workers (HCW) domains. The mean total score and most of the domain scores show significant variation with specialty, educational level and duration of work. Compared to physicians/dentists/pharmacists, nurses are about 12 times more likely to have poor knowledge (Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR]=11.8, CI=6.2-22.7) and technicians/health inspectors are about 31 times more likely to have poor knowledge (AOR=31.4, CI=11.2-88.3).
Conclusion: In-service training and education curricula need to be revised.

Key words: Standard Precautions, Infection Control, Hand hygiene, Personal protective equipments.



Mansoura Üniversitesi Eğitim Hastanesi Sağlık Bakımı Çalışanlarının Standart Önlemler ve Enfeksiyon Kontrolü Bilgileri, Mısır.

Özet
AMAÇ: Mısır, Mansoura Üniversitesi Eğitim Hastanesi sağlık bakımı çalışanlarının standart önlemler ve enfeksiyon kontrolü bilgilerini değerlendirmek.
YÖNTEM: Bu kesitsel çalışmada bütün sağlık bakım çalışanlarına erişmek amaçlandı. Geçerliliği daha önce gösterilmiş bir kendi kendine doldurulan soru formu, temel özellikler ve bilgi kaynakları, genel standart önlemler yaklaşımı, kişisel koruyucu ekipman, kesici aletlerin imhası, çevresel sahitasyon ve sağlık çalışanlarını koruma konularındaki bilgiyi toplamada kullanıldı. Değerlendirme sistemi farklı cevaplar için, toplam puan 50 olacak şekilde planlandır.
SONUÇLAR: Ortalama (en küçük-en büyük) bilgi puanları toplamda 28.5 (13.0-44.0), genel yaklaşım için 3.6 (0.0-5.0), el hijyeni için 5.0 (0.0-9.0), kişisel koruyucu ekipmanlar için 6.9 (1.0-10.0), kesici alet yaralanmaları ve mesleki enfeksiyonlar için 2.1 (0.0-5.0), kesici alet imhası ve çevresel sanitasyon için 5.0 (0.0-10.0) ve sağlık çalışanlarının korunması için 6.0 (1.0-10.0) olarak bulunmuştur. Ortalama toplam skor ve birçok alan skoru uzmanlık, eğitim düzeyi ve çalışma süresine göre istatistiksel anlamlı farklılık göstermekteydi. Hekim/diş hekimi/eczacılar ile karşılaştırılınca hemşireler 12 kat (OR(%95 GA)=11.8 (6.2-22.7) ve teknisyenler 31 kat kat (OR(%95 GA)=31.4 (11.2-88.3) eksik bilgi düzeyine sahipti.
TARTIŞMA: Yerinde eğitim ve öğretim programlarının güncellenmesi gereklidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Standart Önlemler, Enfeksiyon Kontrolü, El Hijyeni, Kişisel Koruyucu Ekipmanları


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Abdel-Hady El-Gilany
Articles by Karima Badawy
Articles by Bernadette Sarraf
on IndexScholar Fulltext
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1562
Downloaded: 439
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
1. McCarthy GM, Britton JE. A survey of final-year dental, medical and nursing students: occupational injuries and infection control. J Can Dent Assoc. 2000; 66(10) 561.   [Pubmed]       
 
2. Kermode M, Jolley D, Langkham B, Thomas MS, Holmes W, Gifford SM. Compliance with universal/standard precautions among health care workers in rural north India. Am J Infect Control. 2005; 33(1): 27-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2004.07.014   [Pubmed]       
 
3. Memish ZA. Infection control in Saudi Arabia: meeting the challenge. Am J Infect Control.2002; 30(1): 57-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/mic.2002.120905   [Pubmed]       
 
4. Whithouse JD, Sexton DJ, Kirkland KB. Infection: past, present, and future issues. Compr Ther. 1998; 24: 71-76.
 
5. WHO. Practical Guidelines for Infection Control in Health Care Facilities. Regional office for South-East Asia and Western Pacific. SEARO Regional publication No.41, WPRO Publication. WHO, 2004, p. 4-49.
 
6. Siegel JD, Rhinehart E, Jackson M, Chiarello L. Guideline for Isolation Precautions: preventing transmission of infectious agents in health care settings, June 2007. (Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/isolation/Isolation2007.pdf [Accessed at: 20.12.2010].
 
7. Hoy J, Richmond J. Standard precautions and infection control. Eds.: Bradford D, Hoy J, Matthews G. In: HIV, viral hepatitis and STIs: a guide for primary care. Australasian Society for HIV Medicine. 2008, p. 146-151.
 
8. Motamed N, BabaMahmoodi F, Khalilian A, Peykanherati M, Nozari M. Knowledge and practice of health care workers and medical students towards universal precautions in hospitals in Mazandaran Provice. East Mediterr Health J. 2006; 12(5): 653-661   [Pubmed]       
 
9. Stein AD, Makarawo TP, Ahmed MF. A survey of doctors’ and nurses’ knowledge, attitudes and compliance with infection control guidelines in Birmingham teaching hospitals. J Hosp Infect.2003; 54: 68-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0195-6701(03)00074-4
 
10. Amin T, Al Wehady A. Healthcare providers’ knowledge of standard precautions at the primary healthcare level in Saudi Arabia. Healthcare Infect. 2009; 14: 65-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/HI09107
 
11. Ayranci U, Kasgeroglu N. Needle-stick and sharp injuries among nurses in the health care sector in a city of western Turkey. J Hosp Infect.2004; 58: 216-223 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2004.06.029   [Pubmed]       
 
12. El-Zanaty, F and Way A. Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Cairo, Egypt: Ministry of Health, El-Zanaty and Associates, and Macro International. 2009.
 
13. Bamigboye AP, Abidemi AT. Knowledge and practice of Universal Precautions among qualifying Medical and Nursing Students. A case of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, ILE-IFE. Res. J Med Med Sci. 2006; 1(3): 112-116.
 
14. Maqbool A. Knowledge, attitude and practices among health care workers on needle-stick injuries. Ann Saudi Med. 2002; 22: 386-389.
 
15. Royal College of Nursing. Good practice in infection control. Guidance for nursing staff. 2004. p. 2.
 
16. Abd El-Aziz KM, Bakr IM. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of hand washing among health care workers in Ain Shams University hospitals in Cairo. J Prev Med Hyg. 2009; 50: 19-25.
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

El-Gilany A, Badawy K, Sarraf B. Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2012; 11(1): 23-28. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



Web Style

El-Gilany A, Badawy K, Sarraf B. Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt. www.scopemed.org/?mno=6325 [Access: November 27, 2014]. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

El-Gilany A, Badawy K, Sarraf B. Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2012; 11(1): 23-28. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

El-Gilany A, Badawy K, Sarraf B. Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2012), [cited November 27, 2014]; 11(1): 23-28. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



Harvard Style

El-Gilany, A., Badawy, K. & Sarraf, B. (2012) Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt. TAF Prev Med Bull, 11 (1), 23-28. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



Turabian Style

El-Gilany, Abdel-Hady, Karima Badawy, and Bernadette Sarraf. 2012. Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 11 (1), 23-28. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



Chicago Style

El-Gilany, Abdel-Hady, Karima Badawy, and Bernadette Sarraf. "Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 11 (2012), 23-28. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

El-Gilany, Abdel-Hady, Karima Badawy, and Bernadette Sarraf. "Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 11.1 (2012), 23-28. Print. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

El-Gilany, A., Badawy, K. & Sarraf, B. (2012) Knowledge of Health Care Providers of Standard Precautions and Infection Control at Students’ Hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 11 (1), 23-28. doi:10.5455/pmb.20110415123207



AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In

EBSCOhost
ScopeMed
TÜBİTAK Turkish Medical Index
AkademikDizin
IndexScholar
Scopus
CAB Abstracts
Global Health Database
DOAJ
IndexCopernicus
Turk Medline (Pleksus)
Google Scholar



The articles in TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.